November 1, 2021

By: Laura G. Mazzola-McCarthy, PhD article In the last few decades, the number of Americans with depression has skyrocketed, from about 7.5% in 1985 to more than 17% today.

The number of adults with depression increased by more than 20% between 1985 and 2010.

In a report from the National Institute of Mental Health released this week, we identified the top ten most commonly used symptoms of depression.

These symptoms include:Feelings of emptiness and hopelessnessThe difficulty sleeping or concentrating or concentrating poorlyThe inability to take care of oneselfThe inability or unwillingness to engage in daily activitiesThe inability/unwillingness to engage with othersThe feeling of worthlessness and hopeless feelingWe wanted to know more about depression, so we reached out to the leading experts in depression and mental health.

Here are five questions we asked the experts to answer:Dr. Elizabeth King, Director, Division of Clinical and Research Practice, University of California, San FranciscoDr.

David Schwartz, Director of the Center for Mental Health Research at the University of New Mexico, AlbuquerqueDr.

Peter Singer, Director and Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, BaltimoreDr.

Jennifer Dolan, Clinical Director of Mood Disorders at NYU Langone Medical Center, New YorkDr.

Paul C. Dyer, Director for Research in Clinical Mental Health and Director of Mental Disorders at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Columbia University, New JerseyDr.

Eric J. Cressey, Psychiatrist and Director, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy at the Center on Addiction and Mental Health at Harvard Medical School, BostonDr.

Stephen J. Sommers, Director Clinical Psychiatry, Vanderbilt University, NashvilleDr.

John S. Stearns, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University Hospitals Case Medical Center-Atlanta, AtlantaDr.

Scott J. Miller, Associate Professor of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New NYDr.

Mary K. McLeod, Department Head, Division on Depression, University College London, London, United KingdomDr.

Richard B. Weintraub, Professor of Medical Psychology, Harvard Medical College, Boston, MassachusettsDr.

Daniel S. Fiske, Director Center for Clinical and Preventive Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MarylandDr.

Matthew R. DeCarlo, Department Chair, Department Psychophysiology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New yorkDr.

Rana Elshikh, Director Neuroscience, University Medical Center of Vienna, Vienna, AustriaDr.

James M. Wahlberg, Professor and Chair of Psychiatry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IllinoisDr.

Nicholas R. Crespo, Director Psychology, University Health Network, Chicago, IllinoisAmber Hochschild, Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, & Co-Director of the Harvard Center for Research on Depression & Anxiety, Boston University & Co., Boston, MA, USDr.

Karen D. Brown, Head, Center for the Study of Anxiety, Department in Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Neuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USADr.

Stephanie A. Cohen, Director Psychiatry, Duke University, Durham, North CarolinaDr.

Anne M. Regan, Associate Dean of Nursing, University Hospital, Utrecht, NetherlandsDr.

Sarah J. Stinson, Director Behavioral Health, School of Psychology and Neuroscience, Indiana University, Bloomington, IndianaDr.

Steven F. Rees, Director Behavior Health Research Institute, Columbia University & Department of Psychology & Behavioral Science, Columbia, New YorkerDr.

Michael M. Ziegler, Director Division on Psychological Disorders, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, Maryland & Director, Behavioral Health Research Program, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New OrleansDr.

Jessica J. McGovern, Associate Director, Center on Suicide Prevention, University’s Center for Behavioral Health and Mental Illness, Baltimore, Maryland, USA & Co–Director, Columbia Center for Depression Research, Columbia Health & Gender Center, Columbia City, New Jersey, New BrunswickDr.

Gregory S. Smith, Director Mood Disorders, University University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA and Director Neuroscience Institute, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore & Director of Behavioral Health Studies, Johns Wayne State University, Johnsville, MichiganDr.

Charles F. Coughlin, Chief of Psychiatry Department, Johns University School.

of Medicine & Department Head of Psychiatry for the Behavioral Health Service Administration, Baltimore Baltimore, MD, USA; Professor of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Johns.

Hopkins University, Baltimore University, MD; Chief, Department for Research, Center of Clinical Psychology, and Chief, Mental Disorders Research Program at the Baltimore Health Department, BaltimoreBaltimore, MD Dr. Robert E. Raskin, Director Department of Mental Medicine, Columbia School of Nursing & Department Director of Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, Columbia Graduate School of Education, New Haven, ConnecticutDr. Kathleen R